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Perform an Autopsy
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koala
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Joined: 12 Oct 2006
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PostPosted: Tue May 22, 2007 10:30 pm    Post subject: Perform an Autopsy Reply with quote

1. The pathologist records the results of the external examination and lists all physical characteristics. The body must be measured and weighed and placed on an autopsy table. An autopsy table is waist-high stainless steel with running to facilitate washing away all the blood that is released during the procedure. The autopsy table is a slanted tray (for drainage) with raised edges (to keep blood and fluids from flowing onto the floor).


2. The first cut known as the 'Y' incision is made. The arms of the Y extend from the front of each shoulder to the bottom end of the breastbone. The tail of the Y extends from the sternum to the pubic bone and typically deviates to avoid the navel. The incision is very deep, extending to the rib cage on the chest, and completely through the abdominal wall below that. The skin from this cut is peeled back, with the top flap pulled over the face.


3. The ribs are then sawn off and the sternal plate or anterior chest wall is cut away, to expose the organs underneath. The most common way to remove the organs is known as the Rokitansky method. Organs are removed by cutting off their connections to the body and are usually removed as one.


4. The brain is removed using a transverse incision (in a crosswise direction) through the brainstem, cutting the connection from the base of the brain to the spinal cord. The brain is then either cut fresh or is placed in a 20% solution of formalin to fix it for future analysis.



Fixing the brain

In cases like homicide or where there is a complex pathology of the brain, a detailed study of the brain may be necessary. In its fresh state the brain is very difficult to cut, so in order to make it easier for the neuropathologist to examine, the brain will be fixed in a solution of formalin for up to two weeks. Although two weeks is the optimal time to fix the brain, it can be sufficiently fixed in a shorter period in order to facilitate the return of the brain to the body prior to burial in selected cases.

Should the pathologist need to retain the whole brain it would typically be discussed with the relatives of the deceased first, prior to the release of the body for the funeral.

Once the study of the brain has been completed the brain would either be returned to the body, or in the case where the funeral has already taken place the pathologist will consult with the family to determine the most appropriate manner of disposing of the brain.


5. All removed organs are weighed and studied individually. Most organs are cut up in sections by a scalpel.



6. Intestines are drained in a sink to remove undigested food and faeces that remains.


7. The stomach is cut open on its greater curvature and the contents are examined.


8. Microscopic samples of most organs are taken for further analysis.


9. Finally, all major blood vessels are cut open and examined lengthwise.


10. The organs are placed back in the body, and the body will sometimes be filled with a filler material. The head and body are then sewn up. The brain is returned to the body, except in the cases where the brain has been retained for further tests.


11. Once the Y incision is sewn up, the autopsy (without brain and tissue analysis) is complete.



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casper



Joined: 23 Mar 2007
Posts: 1513
Location: merseyside

PostPosted: Wed Jun 13, 2007 5:48 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

i couldnt do one but i enjoy watching programs about them cos if fasinates me just how much our bodies can tell people after we are dead.
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bitterbuck1
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Joined: 18 Nov 2006
Posts: 3958
Location: Arizona, USA

PostPosted: Mon Jun 18, 2007 1:22 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I know what you mean Casper.
We watch allot of those kinds of shows also.
I don't know if I could see something like that in person.
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casper



Joined: 23 Mar 2007
Posts: 1513
Location: merseyside

PostPosted: Mon Jun 18, 2007 5:45 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

i watch a prog called skeletons and its real crimes that have been solved from just the bones that are left and from that they can tell you how that person died and if it was an accident or murder and what kind of weapon was used.
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bitterbuck1
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Joined: 18 Nov 2006
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Location: Arizona, USA

PostPosted: Mon Jun 18, 2007 6:08 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

We've got something similar here in the states.
There are at least 5 or more programs dealing with forensics.
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casper



Joined: 23 Mar 2007
Posts: 1513
Location: merseyside

PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 1:43 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

most of ours have finished now,waiting for new progs to start.anyone there my partener wants to chat.
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bitterbuck1
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Joined: 18 Nov 2006
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Location: Arizona, USA

PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 2:12 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

We are on reruns now.
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bitterbuck1
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Joined: 18 Nov 2006
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Location: Arizona, USA

PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 2:13 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hello Casper's partner!
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casper



Joined: 23 Mar 2007
Posts: 1513
Location: merseyside

PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 6:13 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

hello bitterbuck its dianes partner how are you Razz
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bitterbuck1
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Joined: 18 Nov 2006
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Location: Arizona, USA

PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 7:45 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Just fine thanks.
Are we to call you 'Diane's partner' or may we call you something else?
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casper



Joined: 23 Mar 2007
Posts: 1513
Location: merseyside

PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 10:36 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

hi its caspers partner you ok
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bitterbuck1
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Joined: 18 Nov 2006
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Location: Arizona, USA

PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 10:48 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I believe I'm trying to catch up with you on one on these sites.
Laughing Laughing
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flossy
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Joined: 17 Oct 2006
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Location: UK tyne/wear (geordie land)

PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 10:49 pm    Post subject: hi Reply with quote

hi bitter
me too, he was in general chat before, not saying hes there now Laughing
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bitterbuck1
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Joined: 18 Nov 2006
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PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 10:50 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Laughing Laughing
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flossy
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Joined: 17 Oct 2006
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Location: UK tyne/wear (geordie land)

PostPosted: Tue Jun 19, 2007 10:51 pm    Post subject: hi Reply with quote

ahhh im starting to feel dizzy Laughing
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